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NEW DELHI – Indian farmers have planted 23.7 million hectares with summer-sown rice so far, according to the farm ministry’s latest data, up 1.71 per cent year on year, as crucial monsoon rains revived in July and helped farmers accelerate sowing.

Higher rice planting in India, the world’s second-biggest producer of the grain, will ease concerns about the lower output of the staple.

Earlier in July, India ordered a halt to its largest rice export category – a move that will roughly halve shipments by the world’s largest exporter of the grain.

Farmers typically start planting rice, corn, cotton, soya beans, sugarcane and peanuts, among other crops, from June 1, when monsoon rains are expected to begin drenching India. Sowing usually lasts until July and early August.

Summer rains are crucial, as nearly half of India’s farmland lack irrigation.

India received 10 per cent below normal rain in June, but in some states, the rainfall deficit was as much as 60 per cent below average.

The India Meteorological Department defines average, or normal, rainfall as ranging between 96 per cent and 104 per cent of a 50-year average of 87cm for the four-month season.

India’s weather office has forecast an average amount of rain in July despite the likely emergence of the El Nino weather pattern.

July rainfall is crucial, as it accounts for most of the precipitation for the four-month-long monsoon season.

In 2023, the delayed arrival of monsoon rains and lower rainfall in some southern, eastern and central states held back the planting of summer crops even as the monsoon covered the entire country nearly a week in advance.

Some regions in India, including breadbasket states such as Punjab and Haryana, received torrential rain in July, triggering floods. Still, dry weather conditions prevail in some parts of the country.

Farmers planted 17.1 million hectares with oilseeds, including soya beans, 2.3 per cent more than a year earlier. Corn was planted on 6.9 million hectares, almost unchanged from 2022. The cotton area was marginally lower at 11.8 million hectares. REUTERS India’s rice planting gathers pace as monsoon rains revive

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